What is an Optometrist?
Doctors of optometry (ODs) are the primary health care professionals for the eye. Optometrists examine, diagnose, treat, and manage diseases, injuries, and disorders of the visual system, the eye, and associated structures as well as identify related systemic conditions affecting the eye.
They examine the internal and external structures of the eyes to diagnose eye diseases like glaucoma, cataracts and retinal disorders: systemic diseases like hypertension and diabetes; and vision conditions like nearsightedness, farsightedness and astigmatism.
Optometrists also test the ability to focus and coordinate the eyes, and to judge depth and see colors accurately.
They prescribe medications to treat eye disease and perform eye care procedures such as foreign body removal, punctal plug insertion, and scleral depression. They also prescribe eyeglasses, contact lenses, low vision aids, and vision therapy.